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March 22, 2019

Meet Pig: A Strange But Extremely Cute Dog


Dog is a usual term that refers to members of the subspecies Canis lupus familiaris (canis, “dog”; lupus, “wolf”; familiaris, “of a household” or “domestic”).

The term can also be used to refer to a wider range of related species, such as the members of the genus Canis, or “true dogs”, including the wolf, coyote, and jackals, or it can refer to the members of the tribe Canini, which would also include the African wild dog, or it can be used to refer to any member of the family Canidae, which would also include the foxes, bush dog, raccoon dog, and others. Some members of the family have dog in their common names, such as the raccoon dog and the African wild dog.

A few animals have dog in their common names but are not canids, the best example of this is the prairie dog.


The English word dog comes from Middle English dogge, from Old English docga, a “powerful dog breed”. The term may possibly derive from Proto-Germanic *dukk┼Źn, represented in Old English finger-docce (“finger-muscle”).

The word also shows the familiar petname diminutive -ga also seen in frogga “frog”, picga “pig”, stagga “stag”, wicga “beetle, worm”, among others.

The term dog may ultimately derive from the earliest layer of Proto-Indo-European vocabulary, reflecting the role of the dog as the earliest domesticated animal.

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