wordpress hit counter

September 15, 2019

Stones Turned Into Breathtaking Art


In geology, rock or stone is a naturally occurring solid aggregate of minerals and/or mineraloids.

The Earth’s outer solid layer, the lithosphere, is made of rock. In general, rocks are of three types, namely igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. The scientific study of rocks is called petrology, and petrology is an essential component of geology.

Rocks are generally classified by mineral and chemical composition, by the texture of the constituent particles and by the processes that formed them. These indicators separate rocks into three types: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. They are further classified according to particle size. The transformation of one rock type to another is described by the geological model called the rock cycle.


Igneous rocks are formed when molten magma cools and are divided into two main categories: plutonic rock and volcanic. Plutonic or intrusive rocks result when magma cools and crystallizes slowly within the Earth’s crust (example granite), while volcanic or extrusive rocks result from magma reaching the surface either as lava or fragmental ejecta (examples pumice and basalt).

Sedimentary rocks are formed by deposition of either ¬†clastic sediments, organic matter, or chemical precipitates (evaporites), followed by compaction of the particulate matter and cementation duringdiagenesis. Sedimentary rocks form at or near the Earth’s surface. Mud rocks comprise 65% (mudstone, shale and siltstone); sandstones 20 to 25% and carbonate rocks 10 to 15% (limestone and dolostone).

Metamorphic rocks are formed by subjecting any rock type (including previously formed metamorphic rock) to different temperature and pressure conditions than those in which the original rock was formed.

Copyright © Wacky Owl © · All Rights Reserved ·