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November 25, 2017

Sand Art That Is Older Then A Century

Sand painting is a form of art that consists of pouring colored sands, powdered pigments from minerals or crystals, and pigments from other natural or synthetic sources onto a surface to make a fixed or unfixed sand painting.

Unfixed sand paintings have a long established cultural history in many social groupings around the entire globe, and are often temporary, ritual paintings prepared for religious or healing ceremonies. It is also referred to as dry painting.

Dry painting is practiced by Native Americans in the Southwestern United States, by Tibetan and Buddhist monks, as well as Australian Aborigines, and also by Latin Americans on certain Christian holy days.

In the sand painting of southwestern Native Americans, the Medicine Man (or Hatałii) paints loosely upon the ground of a hogan, where the ceremony takes place, or on a buckskin or cloth tarpaulin, by letting the colored sands flow through his fingers with control and skill. There are 600 to 1000 different traditional designs for sand paintings which are known to the Navajo. They do not view the paintings as static objects, but as spiritual, living beings to be treated with great respect. More than 30 different sand paintings may be associated with one ceremony.

The colors for the painting are usually accomplished with naturally colored sand, crushed gypsum (white), yellow ochre, red sandstone, charcoal, and a mixture of charcoal and gypsum (blue). Brown can be made by mixing red and black; red and white make pink. Other coloring agents include corn meal, flower pollen, or powdered roots and bark.

The paintings are for healing purposes only. Many of them contain images of Yeibicheii (the Holy People). While creating the painting, the medicine man will chant, asking the yeibicheii to come into the painting and help heal the patient.

This Has To Be The Largest 3D Painting In The World

Street painting, also known as pavement art, street art, and sidewalk art, is the form of art of rendering artistic designs on pavement such as streets, sidewalks, and town squares. Street painting can be made by using impermanent or semi-permanent materials such as chalk.

The origins of modern street painting can be traced back to Britain. Pavement artists were found all over the UK and by 1890 it was estimated that more than 500 artists were making a full-time living from pavement art in London alone.

The British term for pavement artist is “screever”. The term is derived from the writing style, often Copperplate that typically accompanied the works of pavement artists since the 1700s. The term screever is most commonly cited as Shakespearean slang dating from around 1500.

The works of screevers were usually accompanied by poems and proverbs, lessons on morality, and political commentary on the day’s events. They were described as “producing a topical, pictorial newspaper of current event.”

They appealed to both the working people, who (on the whole) could not read and write, but understood the visual images; and to the educated members of the middle-classes who appreciated the moral lessons and comments. It was important for a screever to catch the eye of the ‘well to do’ and in turn attract the pennies donated for their efforts.

Street painters, (also called or chalk artists) are names these performance artists are most commonly called in the United States are called I Madonnari in Italy, because they recreated images of the Madonna. In Germany they are called Strassenmaler.

This Was The Most Awesome Pancake Ever

A pancake is a flat cake, most of time pancake is thin and round. Pancake are prepared from a starch-based batter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or a frying pan. In UK, pancakes are often unleavened, and resemble a crêpe. In America, a raising agent is used; the most common raising agent is baking powder.

The American pancake is similar to a Scotch pancake or drop scone. They may be served at any time with a variety of toppings or fillings including jam, fruit, syrup, chocolate chips, or meat.

In America, pancakes are typically considered to be a breakfast food. In Britain and the Commonwealth, they are associated with Shrove Tuesday, commonly known as Pancake Day, when perishable ingredients had to be used up before the fasting period of Lent began.

Archaeological evidence suggests that pancakes are probably the earliest and most widespread cereal food eaten in prehistoric societies. The pancake’s shape and structure varies worldwide. A crêpe is a thin Breton pancake cooked on one or both sides in a special pan or crepe maker to achieve a lacelike network of fine bubbles.

A well-known variation originating in Southeast Europe is Palacinke, a thin moist pancake fried on both sides and filled with jam, cheese cream, chocolate, or ground walnuts, but many other fillings, both sweet and savory, can also be used.

A Perfect Hidden Library

A library is an organized collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or sometimes both. A library’s collection can include books, periodicals, newspapers, manuscripts, maps, prints, documents, and in recent time CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, e-books, audiobooks, databases, and many other formats. Libraries range in size from only a couple of shelves of books to several million items.

Librarians have sometimes complained that some of the library buildings which have been used to accommodate libraries have been inadequate for the demands made upon them. In general this condition may have resulted from one or more of the following causes:

An effort to erect a monumental building; most of those who commission library buildings are not librarians and their priorities may be different

To conform it to a type of architecture unsuited to library purposes

The appointment, often by competition, of an architect unschooled in the requirements of a library

Failure to consult with the librarian or with library experts

Much advancement has undoubtedly been made toward cooperation between architect and librarian, and many good designers have made library buildings their specialty, nevertheless it seems that the ideal type of library is not yet realized—the type so adapted to its purpose that it would be immediately recognized as such, as is the case with school buildings at the present time. This does not mean that library constructions should conform rigidly to a fixed standard of appearance and arrangement, but it does mean that the exterior should express as nearly as possible the purpose and functions of the interior.

Body Art That Will Make Your Jaw Drop

Body art is an art made on, with, or consisting of, the human body. The most well-known forms of body art are tattoos and body piercings. Other types include scarification, branding, subdural implants, scalpelling, shaping (an example is tight-lacing of corsets), full body tattoo and body painting.

Body art is also a sub-category of performance art, in which artists use or abuse their own body to make their particular statements. More extreme body art can involve mutilation or pushing the body to its physical limits.

In more recent times, the body has become a subject of much broader discussion and treatment than can be reduced to body art in its common understanding. Important strategies that question the human body are: implants, body in symbiosis with the new technologies, virtual bodies, among others.

The Vienna Action Group was formed in 1965 by Herman Nitsch, Otto Muhl, Gunter Brus, and Rudolf Schwartzkogler. All of them performed several body art actions, usually involving social taboos (such as genital mutilation). Vito Acconcionce documented, through photos and text, his daily exercise routine of stepping on and off a chair for as long as possible over several months. Acconci also performed Following Piece, in which he followed randomly chosen New Yorkers.

In France, body art was termed art coporel and practiced by such artists as Michel Journiac and Gina Pane. In Italy in the 1980s, one of the famous artists in the movement was Ketty La Rocca.

Cafe Filed With Steampunk Machines

Coffeehouse and coffee shop are related terms for an establishment which primarily serves prepared coffee and other warm beverages. Café or cafe or caff may refer to a coffeehouse, bar, tea room, small and cheap restaurant, transport cafe, or other casual eating and drinking place, depending on the culture. A coffeehouse may share some of the same characteristics of a bar or restaurant, but it is different from a cafeteria. As the name suggests, coffeehouses focus on providing coffee and tea as well as light snacks. Many coffee houses in the Middle East, and in West Asian immigrant districts in the Western world, offer shisha(nargile in Turkish and Greek), flavored tobacco smoked through a hookah. Espresso bars are a type of coffeehouse that specialize in serving espresso and espresso-based drinks.

 

From a cultural standpoint, coffeehouses largely serve as centers of social interaction: the coffeehouse provides social members with a place to congregate, talk, write, read, entertain one another, or pass the time, whether individually or in small groups of two or three people. A coffeehouse serves as an informal club for its regular members.

In the 17th century, coffee appeared for the first time in Europe outside the Ottoman Empire, and coffeehouses were established and quickly became popular. The first coffeehouses appeared in Venice in 1729, due to the traffic between La Serenissima and the Ottomans; the very first one is recorded in 1645.

Some Of The Most Coolest Miniature Art Made From Everyday Items

Art has long been controversial, that is to say disliked by some viewers, for a wide variety of reasons, though most pre-modern controversies are dimly recorded, or completely lost to a modern view. Iconoclasm is the destruction of art that is disliked for a variety of reasons, including religious ones.

Aniconism is a general dislike of either all figurative images, or often just religious ones, and has been a thread in many major religions. It has been a crucial factor in the history of Islamic art, where depictions of Muhammad remain especially controversial.

Much art has been disliked purely because it depicted or otherwise stood for unpopular rulers, parties or other groups. Artistic conventions have often been conservative and taken very seriously by art critics, though often much less so by a wider public.

The iconographic content of art could cause controversy, as with late medieval depictions of the new motif of the Swoon of the Virgin in scenes of the Crucifixion of Jesus. The Last Judgment by Michelangelo was controversial for various reasons, including breaches of decorum through nudity and the Apollo-like pose of Christ.

The content of much formal art through history was dictated by the patron or commissioner rather than just the artist, but with the advent of Romanticism, and econonomic changes in the production of art, the artists’ vision became the usual determinant of the content of his art, increasing the incidence of controversies, though often reducing their significance.

Awesome Instruments Made From Firearms

A firearm is a portable gun, being a barreled weapon that launches a single or multiple projectiles often defined by the action of an explosive.

The first firearms in the world were invented during 13th century in China when the man portable fire lance (a bamboo or metal tube that could shoot ignited gunpowder) was combined with projectiles such as scrap metal, broken porcelain, or darts/arrows. The technology gradually spread through the rest of East Asia, South Asia, Middle East and then into Europe.

In older firearms, the propellant was typically black powder, but modern firearms use smokeless powder or other propellants. Most modern firearms (with the notable exception of smoothbore firearms) have rifled barrels to impart spin to the projectile for improved flight stability.

Modern firearms are typically described by their bore diameter (75mm) or calibre (.357) or gauge (12 ga.), the type of action employed (muzzle, breech, lever, bolt, revolver, semi-automatic, or automatic) together with the usual means of deportment (hand-held or mechanical mounting).

They may be further distinguished by reference to the type of barrel used (rifled) and the barrel length (19 inch), the design’s primary intended target (anti-aircraft), or the commonly accepted name for a particular variation (Gatling gun).

Firearms may sometimes be referred to as small arms when they are intended primarily for use by military forces if they can be carried by a single individual.

Firearms are aimed visually at their targets by hand using either iron sights or optical sights.

Extremely Sinister Mug Shots Of Batman Villains

A mug shot, mugshot, police photograph, or booking photograph, is a photographic portrait typically taken after a person is arrested.

The purpose of the mug shot is to allow law enforcement to have a photographic record of the arrested persons to allow for identification by victims and investigators. Most mug shots are two-part, with one side-view photo, and one front-view. They may be compiled into a mug book in order to determine the identity of a criminal. In high-profile cases, mug shots may also be published by the media.

However, the term is sometimes used for a similar format photographic portrait taken for any reason, not necessarily involving formal arrest. For example, the process of applying for a security clearance or a passport may require the applicant to submit a mug shot photo.

The mug shot was invented by Allan Pinkerton, a US detective during the 19th Century. The Pinkerton National Detective Agency first began using these on Wanted posters from the Wild West days. By the 1870s the agency had amassed the largest collection of mug shots in the United States.

The paired arrangement may have been inspired by the 1865 prison portraits taken by Alexander Gardner of accused conspirators in the Lincoln assassination trial, though Gardner’s photographs were full-body portraits with only the heads turned for the profile shots.

A Special Bridge For Boats

A bridge is a building that has a use to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. There are many different kinds that all serve unique purposes and apply to different situations. Designs of bridges vary depending on the function of the bridge, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and anchored, the material used to make it, and the funds available to build it.

The Oxford English Dictionary traces the origin of the word bridge to an Old English word brycg, of the same meaning, derived from the hypothetical Proto-Germanic rootbrugjō. There are cognates in other Germanic languages.

The first bridges were made by nature itself — as simple as a log fallen across a stream or stones in the river. The first bridges made by humans were probably spans of cut wooden logs or planks and eventually stones, using a simple support and crossbeam arrangement.

Some early Americans used trees or bamboo poles to cross small caverns or wells to get from one place to another. A common form of lashing sticks, logs, and deciduous branches together involved the use of long reeds or other harvested fibers woven together to form a connective rope capable of binding and holding together the materials used in early bridges.

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