Wars have not only resulted into surplus shedding of blood on the battle fields but have also had their histories of dominance and captivity of the enemy soldiers. The natives of the foreign land put behind the bars, tortured, forced into labor or even killed, this has been a common plight found to be seen in the dark dirty corners of the prisons. While many prisoners spent their entire lives slogging and cursing their destiny that caged them forever within the stoned walls of their cells, many had the courage and the valor to make their way out and attain their much deserved freedom. Some of the below mentioned prison escapes present the same zeal and audacity of the daring prisoners to break the shackles, work the logistics, dig out their tunnels, prepare for the worst and win back forever their long lost liberty.
Island farm, a Prisoner of War Camp (Camp 198) on the outskirts of the town of Bridgend, South Wales was home to the greatest escape by German prisoners during the World War 2. History holds account of two escape tunnels dug in the camp. While the first was spotted in January 1945, the prisoners managed to conceal the second tunnel until 11 March 1945, when around 67, 70, or 84 prisoners escaped from the camp. It is not known who masterminded the entire escape but with astutely divided groups and each member equipped with a homemade compass, map, identity papers and food, prisoners managed to flee to as far as 120 miles. However all were later recaptured.
Stalag Luft III
Stalag Luft III was a German prison camp for flying officers that held about 2500 Royal Air Force officers and about 7500 U. S. Army Air Corps Officers. The site had been so selected at it remained less prone to tunnel escapes, however ironically, the camp is well known for two most famous prison escapes via tunnel. The idea was coined and formulated by Squadron Leader Roger Bushell RAF in 1943 with finally coming to fruition in March 24–25, 1944. Fighting against all the odds of digging a tunnel, the prisoners managed to dig three different tunnels in the camp. The 30 feet deep and 2 feet wide tunnel helped 76 prisoners to escape from the camp, out of which 73 were captured again.
Libby Prison Escape
There hasn’t been as heroic and successful even in the history of prison escapes as that of the Libby prison that won 109 of its prisoners their liberty. A well planned and organized conduct by the group of Union soldiers dug the tunnel for 17 days and then carried out the escape cleverly under the nose of the prison guards on February 9 and February 10, 1864. The escape was said tobe headed by Col Rose.
1995 Vellore Fort Jailbreak
A very jolting experience for India was when 43 members of a Sri Lankan rebel group escaped from Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India on 15 August 1995. A 153-foot-long (47 m) tunnel dug in the prison helped 43 Tamil Tiger inmates to escape, however 21 of them were recaptured within a few weeks.
Moises Teixeira da Silva
Lastly a convicted robber ,,Moises Teixeira da Silva engraved his names on the stone walls of prison history when he escaped São Paulo, Brazil’s Carandiru prison with about 100 others through a tunnel in 2001. At that time, Moises was serving a 25-year sentence in the prison.